Growing interest in the field of mental health in the workplace among policy makers, clinicians, and researchers alike has been fueled by equal employment rights legislation and increasing disability statistics in mental heath. The importance of addressing this topic is underscored by the fact that depression now ranks second on the hierarchy of occupational disabilities. The problem is compounded by a host of factors, including major difficulties in job retention and productivity experienced by persons with mental health disabilities, younger age and higher education of persons with mental health problems, and labor shortages and an aging workforce in many industrialized countries. In addition, particularly in the United States, the vocational needs of army veterans returning from duty with mental health disorders require system-based solutions and new rehabilitation approaches.The pressure created by these powerful legislative, societal, and economic forces has not been matched by the state of evidence-based practices in the field of employment retention and job accommodation in mental health. Current research evidence is fragmented, limited in scope, difficult to access, and adversely affected by the traditional divide between the fields of psychiatry and psychology on one hand and interdisciplinary employment research and practices on the other. As a result, policy makers, employers, disability compensation systems, and rehabilitation and disability management professionals have been left without a critical "how to" evidence-informed toolbox for occupational practices to accommodate and retain persons with mental health disabilities in the workplace. Currently, no single source of knowledge and research evidence exists in the field that would guide best practices. Yet the need for workplace accommodations for persons with mental health disabilities has been growing and, based on epidemiological trends, is anticipated to grow even more in the future. These trends leave physicians, psychologists, occupational therapists, vocational rehabilitation professionals, disability managers, human resource professionals, and policy makers poorly prepared to face the challenge of integrating and maintaining persons with mental health disabilities in the workplace.The aim of the Handbook is to close the gap between the needs of the professionals and networks that work with or study persons with mental heath disorders in an employment context and the actual knowledge base in the field. The Handbook will be written in language that can easily be understood by readers representing a multitude of disciplines and research paradigms spanning the mental health, rehabilitation, and employment fields of inquiry. The Handbook will contribute an integration of the best quantitative and qualitative research in the field, together with experts' consensus, regarding effective work retention and accommodation strategies and practices in mental health. The book will consist of five major sections, divided into chapters written by recognized experts in these areas.
This work celebrates the investigative power of phenomenology to explore the phenomenological sense of space and time in conjunction with the phenomenology of intentionality, the invisible, the sacred, and the mystical. It examines the course of life through its ontopoietic genesis, opening the cosmic sphere to logos. The work also explores, on the one hand, the intellectual drive to locate our cosmic position in the universe and, on the other, the pull toward the infinite. It intertwines science and its grounding principles with imagination in order to make sense of the infinite.This book is the second of a two-part work that contains papers presented at the 62nd International Congress of Phenomenology, The Forces of the Cosmos and the Ontopoietic Genesis of Life, held in Paris, France, August 2012. It features the work of scholars in such diverse disciplines as biology, anthropology, pedagogy, and psychology who philosophically investigate the cosmic origins of beingness.Coverage in this second part includes: Communicative Virtues of A-T. Tymieniecka's Phenomenology of Life, Intentionality of Time and Quantum - Phenomenological Sense of Space, Consciousness of the Cosmos: A Thought Experiment Through Philosophy and Science Fiction, The Cosmos and Bodily Life on Earth Elucidated within the Historicity of Human Existence, Novel as Path - Mamardashvili's Lectures on Proust, and Comments on Max Scheler's Thought and Philosophical Counseling.
This book examines early processes of interpersonal attraction by integrating results from the fields of group psychology and prosocial behaviour in two experiments. The first study tested whether infants at the age of 15 months prefer hand puppets expressing the same mittens colour preference as themselves over dissimilar puppets. This hypothesis was confirmed. The second study expanded on the first experiment by adding a puppet ball show to the investigation. The design tested for an interaction depending on whether the similar or dissimilar puppet interacted with a prosocial or non-prosocial agent. Surprisingly, infants at the age of 14 months picked randomly between the prosocial and the non-prosocial character. Based on the reported results and the experiment by Mahajan and Wynn who used food as similarity cue, it is suggested that food might play a special role within social processes which cannot be assumed by colour preferences as variable of similarity. Moreover, several suggestions for future directions are presented, primarily recommending a more extensive investigation of the developmental dimension of interpersonal attraction and group formation.
This book is about the role of design thinking as a source of creativity and intrinsic motivation in the future development of organizations. The first part of the book delves into the historical development of management s psychology. It illustrates the necessity of change in the traditional organization, particularly in terms of motivation. It is presumed that design thinking as a source of intrinsic motivation might provide the basis for those changes. The second part is the observation of the SAP project Early Adapters . It illustrates the process of integrating design thinking in a practical way into a large organization with a hierarchical structure and traditional managerial approach. This process is observed from two different points of view: the person and the company. On one hand, the actions, feelings, and thoughts of the participants are observed and analyzed throughout the project. Further, it analyzes the process of mind-breaking and which obstacles lie in the way of successful implantation of the new mindset and establishing the new work process, as well as the developments within the company during the integration process. What does the company (or the management of the company) have to provide to initiate the process? Which factors and decisions influence the result, and what should the company consider for further processing?
This book builds the bridge between the fields of clinical and positive psychology research and practice. It presents a variety of interventions aimed at promoting positivity in clinical populations. Although clinical psychology has addressed issues such as happiness, resilience and optimal functioning, the field has stuck to the medical model and paid more attention to distress and negativity in human existence. Positive psychology, on the other hand, has been considered a “psychology for all” and has devoted attention and resources to the investigation of positivity in general populations, Only recently, the relationships between positivity, distress and psychopathology have been investigated. This book integrates research and practice from both fields. Its first part provides a theoretical framework for describing concepts such as hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing, resilience, character’s strengths, positive health and positive functioning, with a special reference to their clinical implications and their psychosomatic underpinnings. The second part provides a review of positive interventions in clinical practice and psychotherapeutic settings. These interventions are derived from positive psychology as well as from longstanding traditions in clinical psychology and psychiatry, and from eastern clinical and philosophical approaches.
In this book, different studies among the effect of self-help books on the social skills (life skills) people especially university students in assertiveness and depression perspectives were investigated. In the first study to collect data, Emphatic Tendency Scale, open-ended interview forms and personal information forms were used. In the second study,Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and Beck Depression Inventory were used. Data were analyzed through one-way variance analysis. Open-ended interview forms were categorized, and thus their percentages were given. There are no significant difference between self-help books readers and non readers students among their emphatic tendency, assertiveness and depression levels. Some books such as Educational Psychology, Development and Learning and Guidance aimed at psycho-education can be advised in the courses at the faculties of education. But, on the other hand, in the lessons such as Human Relations and Communication , which are at the universities' category of elective courses, great attention should be given to the choosing course books and source books.
A Firsthand Look at the Role of the Industrial Engineer The industrial engineer helps decide how best to utilize an organization&#8217;s resources to achieve company goals and objectives. Introduction to Industrial Engineering, Second Edition offers an in-depth analysis of the industrial engineering profession. While also providing a historical perspective chronicling the development of the profession, this book describes the standard duties performed, the tools and terminologies used, and the required methods and processes needed to complete the tasks at hand. It also defines the industrial engineer&#8217;s main areas of operation, introduces the topic of information systems, and discusses their importance in the work of the industrial engineer. The authors explain the information system concept, and the need for integrated processes, supported by modern information systems. They also discuss classical organizational structures (functional organization, project organization, and matrix organization), along with the advantages and disadvantages of their use. The book includes the technological aspects (data collection technologies, databases, and decision-support areas of information systems), the logical aspects (forecasting models and their use), and aspects of principles taken from psychology, sociology, and ergonomics that are commonly used in the industry. What&#8217;s New in this Edition: The second edition introduces fields that are now becoming a part of the industrial engineering profession, alongside conventional areas (operations management, project management, quality management, work measurement, and operations research). In addition, the book: Provides an understanding of current pathways for professional development Helps students decide which area to specialize in during the advanced stages of their studies Exposes students to ergonomics used in the context of workspace design Presents key factors in human resource management Describes frequently used methods of teaching in the field Covers basic issues relative to ergonomics and human&#8211;machine interface Introduces the five basic processes that exist in many organizations Introduction to Industrial Engineering, Second Edition establishes industrial engineering as the organization of people and resources, describes the development and nature of the profession, and is easily accessible to anyone needing to learn the basics of industrial engineering. The book is an indispensable resource for students and industry professionals.
ELEMENTS PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY BY GEORGE T, LADD. COPYRIGHT, 1887, BT CHARLES SCRIBNITO SONS PREFACE. THEEE can be no doubt that an important movement in psychology has arisen in recent times through the effort to approach the phenomena of mind from the experimental and physiological point of view. Different students of psychological science will estimate differently both the net result already reached by this effort and the promise of further additions to the sum of our knowledge from continued investigation of the same kind. Some writers have certainly indulged in extravagant claims as to the past triumphs of so called Physiological Psychology, and in equally extravagant expectations as to its future discoveries. On the other hand, a larger number, perhaps, have been inclined either to fear or to depreciate every attempt to mingle the methods, laws, and speculations of the physical sciences with the study of the human soul. These latter apparently anticipate that some discovery in the localization of cerebral function, or in psychometry, may jeopard the birthright of man as a spiritual and rational being. Or possibly they wish to regard the soul as separated, by nature and with respect to its modes of action, from the material body in such a way as to render it impossible to understand more of the one by learning more about the other. As a result of some years of study of the general subject, I express with considerable confidence the opinion that there is no ground for extravagant claims or expectations, and still less ground for any fear of consequences. In all cases of new and somewhat rankly growing scientific enterprises, it is much the better way to waive the discussion of actual or possible achievements, as well as of welcomed or dreaded revelations of new truth, and proceed at once to the business on hand. It is proposed in this book to follow this better way. It will be the task of the book itself to set forth the assured or alleged results of Physiological Psychology and this will be done at every step with such degree of assurance as belongs to the evidence hitherto attainable upon the particular subject discussed With declamation, either in attack or defence of the old psychology of the introspective method, etc., one may dispense without serious loss. The study of the phenomena of consciousness by tho method here proposed necessarily requires some acquaintance with a consider able circuit of sciences which are not usually all alike closely allied. The number of scholars who can form opinions with equal freedom and confidence in all of these sciences is very small. Moreover, since all psycho-physical laws are supposed as the very term indicates to govern the correlations of phenomena with phenomena of the nervous system, a peculiar mystery belong to much of the domain withiri which psycho-physical science i compelled to move. These facts may fitly, on tho one hand, excite caution in the writer and, on the other hand, exciiso him for many inevitable failures to set forth with perfect definition and confidence the conclusions he has to propose. Much will bo said thai must be accepted as provisional, as only probably true. Much room must also be made for conjecture and speculation. What IB most important, however, is that conjecture should not boptit forth as ascertained fact, or speculation as unquestioned law. It would have been a great assistance to mo if I had had more predecessors in the path which I am to take. But with tho exception of Wundts masterly work Grundzttye der phyxiohxjiwhtn Psychologies second edition in 1880, no ouo book han attempted to cover, even in a summary way, the entire ground...
Henry Allison examines the central tenets of Hume's epistemology and cognitive psychology, as contained in the Treatise of Human Nature. Allison takes a distinctive two-level approach. On the one hand, he considers Hume's thought in its own terms and historical context. So considered, Hume is viewed as a naturalist, whose project in the first three parts of the first book of the Treatise is to provide an account of the operation of the understanding in which reason is subordinated to custom and other non-rational propensities. Scepticism arises in the fourth part as a form of metascepticism, directed not against first-order beliefs, but against philosophical attempts to ground these beliefs in the 'space of reasons.' On the other hand, Allison provides a critique of these tenets from a Kantian perspective. This involves a comparison of the two thinkers on a range of issues, including space and time, causation, existence, induction, and the self. In each case, the issue is seen to turn on a contrast between their underlying models of cognition. Hume is committed to a version of the perceptual model, according to which the paradigm of knowledge is a seeing with the 'mind's eye' of the relation between mental contents. By contrast, Kant appeals to a discursive model in which the fundamental cognitive act is judgment, understood as the application of concepts to sensory data, Whereas regarded from the first point of view, Hume's account is deemed a major philosophical achievement, seen from the second it suffers from a failure to develop an adequate account of concepts and judgment.